Smart India Hackathon 2018

Ministry : Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
Priority :
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Problem Statment(s) : 23
Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

There are more than 8 lakhs water bodies in our country. However, the information in respect of these water bodies indicating their name, quantity of water available, type of uses of water, quality of water, etc. are not available. A platform has been provided on web based India Waris site for crowd sourcing of data on these water bodies. It is proposed to extend this facility on smartphone. Solution Need information about India Waris

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

The extraction of river material for building/infrastructure creation is very common commercial activity related to river. The unregulated extraction of river bed material causes problem related to erosion of bank resulting in huge loss of land as well as property. However, the availability of data regarding sand mining is very scanty. It is proposed to provide platform to common public to raise alarm against unregulated sand mining. The platform will provide information regarding stretches of rivers where extraction of sand from river bank is prohibited. A person will be able to provide information including geo-coded images on the platform which could be forwarded to concerned authorities. Roles: Data Providers : Common public Consumers : Site maintenance authorities Solution A mobile based app to submit the site details, photos and enter the instance of pollution of site

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

Almost all the urban centres of the country are facing challenges for sustainable domestic water supply. At the same time a huge amount of water is going as waste in the form of run off from these urban areas. Rainfall from the top of the roofs in these area can be collected and can be stored or/and recharged to the aquifers. Depending upon the rainfall characteristics and disposition of aquifer and their storage space/intake capacity people of a particular locality / area will be able to know whether to store or/and to recharge the collected water to aquifer.  Roles: Data Provider: CGWB User: Public Solution: Through an mobile app, CGWB, MoWR, RD & GR can aware and support in deciding whether to store the collected water from the roof top or to recharge it to the aquifer underground.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

Public/Stakeholders/Farmers abstract ground water for different purposes like drinking, irrigation, industrial and mining purposes. In many areas there is overexploitation of ground water. It is proposed to collect unit draft of all such abstraction structures with geo-coded photographs of the site where the data has been observed. This will be helpful in collection of actual withdrawal, its aquifer and will be helpful in preparation of sustainable ground water management plan of the area. Roles: Data Provider: Public/Stakeholders/Farmers Water level data of the area can be taken from: india-wris.nrsc.gov.in Data required: Water level, Type and HP of pump lowered, Depth of lowering of pump, Diameter of delivery pipe, Running of pump per day. Total area of cropping in hectare from the abstraction structures, Crop water requirement of the crop. Solution: CGWB, MoWR, RD& GR can prepare sustainable ground water management plan of the area. As per water availability suitable crop can be selected for cultivation .

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

Many organizations are involved in observing quality of river water. It is proposed to collect all such data with geo-coded photographs of the site where the data has been observed. This will be helpful in assessing the health of the river. A mobile based platform could be developed for collection of data as indicated above. Prerequisites Set of parameters to be entered for the survey of the site Set of sample sites Roles: Data Providers : Survey agency users or Government authority members Consumers : Water management local or state authorities Solution Mobile app based system to collect data and geo-coded photographs of the site Will have login, survey management, reports as modules

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

There has been some incidents occurred in past where people are caught unguarded in the middle of river when water is suddenly released from reservoirs. It is mentioned that some stretch of river remains dry when there is no release of water from a reservoir in the upstream. However, when water is released from reservoir, it reaches very rapidly in these stretch resulting in accidents on some occasion. Although dam authorities are taking necessary steps to warn people not to venture in the river in these stretches. Still, due to lack of information available some needy people crossing the river for their day to day course are caught unguarded. It is proposed to develop a mobile based application wherein dam authority can upload their information regarding release of water from dam indicating time and duration, etc. and the same is available to common public. Roles: Data Providers : Dam management authorities Consumers : Common Public Solution Mobile app based system to send alerts to all the people in the vicinity of the area Alerts to emergency systems like policy, fire department, hospitals etc.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

Owing to the accelerated growth of population, agricultural and drinking water uses are increasing in alarming rate leading to over withdrawal of groundwater. The ground water is being used through various groundwater structures and census of groundwater structures will provide actual groundwater abstraction which otherwise calculated based on norms. Roles: Data Provider: Public Health Engineering Department, CGWB, State Ground Water Departments, Agri-Irrigation Departments, Drinking water Departments. Consumer: Groundwater users including farmers Solution: Census of groundwater structures is pre-requisite for planners and water managers. Create mass awareness Desired Outcome: A webpage/mobile app to allow entry of data/information on groundwater structures. Allow users to validate information Allow users to add their comments

Distribution of ground water in space and time is the most important aspect which decides the economic prosperity of the area. Further the quality of ground water decides its usability for different purposes. The common man is an important link in gathering information about the availability and quality of ground water in an area. Based on their first hand experience the database of availability and quality of ground water in any area can be enriched and subsequently the same after validation can be disseminated to public which will help them deciding the appropriate source for use. The information gathered from the public can be used by the planners/administrators for mitigation of the causes leading to those problems and as a surveillance system. Roles: Data Provider: Crowd source Consumer: Common Public, Industries, Administrators, Planners Solution: The common man can upload the water level and water quality of any source in the app/webpage with geo-tagged image of the source. Desired Outcome A webpage/mobile app to accept data from public Send notifications to state, local as well as central bodies for the entered data. Send alerts to state, local as well as central bodies on undesired water quality/Water level of any area.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

During flood season, erosion is a common feature on many rivers. Although, many state governments do carry out post flood season survey to determine the affected reaches, the related information available is very scanty. It is proposed to provide a mobile based platform for entry of data as well geo-coded photographs in respect of erosion affected sites. During flood season, erosion is a common feature on many rivers. Although, many state governments do carry out post flood season survey to determine the affected reaches, the related information available is very scanty. It is proposed to provide a mobile based platform for entry of data as well geo-coded photographs in respect of erosion affected sites. Prerequisites Set of parameters to be entered for the survey of the site Set of sample sites Data Providers : Common public/site surveying agencies Consumers : Site maintenance authorities Roles: Data Providers : Survey agency users or Government authority members Consumers : Flood management state ministry Solution Mobile app based system to collect data and geo-coded photographs of the site A mobile based app to submit the site details, photos and enter the current condition of the site Will have login, survey management, reports as modules

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

One of the important objectives of PMKSY is to enable more crop per drop of water. In this regard, it is mentioned that data regarding actual consumption of irrigation water is not available directly. The collection of such data is a huge exercise needing large manpower. It is proposed to collect these data through crowd-sourcing for the purpose. It is proposed to develop a mobile based platform wherein the user can provide salient details on use of irrigation water in his farm land indicating geo-spatial location of its farm, the type of crop, the amount of water used , the source of water, etc. This information will be helpful in identifying areas where wasteful use of water is occurring as well as for formulation of plans/programs to address the situation. Roles: Data Providers : Farmers Consumers : Irrigation authorities, Farming Ministry Solution Each farmer can login through the app using their Adhar Card number Register their farm details For each farm, enter irrigation details, crop details, water usage details time to time

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

There are about five thousand large dams in our country. Many dams are in distress conditions. However, the availability of data in respect of the extent of distress is very scanty. A mobile based platform could be developed to provide a facility to authorities/common people for entry of some important parameters in respect of these dams which will be helpful in short listing dams needing immediate attention. Same platform can be extended to enter information about any government owned facility’s condition in future. A set of desired parameters will need to be decided as a prerequisite. Also a set of Prerequisites Set of desired parameters Set of facilities Roles: Data Providers : Common Users/Auditors Consumers : Water Management Ministry, Dam maintaining state boards etc. Solution Will help solve the problem of availability of data on common parameters Identification of facilities which need attention Can also help in identifying future maintenance works based on available data Desired Outcome A webpage/mobile app to accept data for given set of parameters against a selected facility Send notifications to state as well as central bodies for the entered data Generate reports based on priority, state, facility etc.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

There have been many best practices reported in aspects related to water management from various parts of the country. However, such information is not available on a single platform which can be used by common public for replicating the same in his area. It is proposed to provide a platform on web as well as on mobile wherein a user can upload details of activities (including geo-coded parameters for location etc.) which are accepted as best practices. This information will be available to the common public after some moderations. Roles: Data Providers: common public, NGOs etc. Data Moderators : CWC authorized agencies Consumers : Common Public Solution Some good practices to save water can be uploaded, moderated, published Register and login for submitting good water management practices, with geo-tagged photo, data about the practice followed Login as moderator and verify/approve the water management practice

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

Springs are source for drinking, domestic and irrigation purposes in difficult mountainous terrains/ hilly areas in the country. So for location of many springs and their discharge water quality and variation in their parameters is not well known. With rising water demands and prosperity of inhabitants of difficult terrains, census of springs is very beneficial. It is proposed that if an app having features to entire data regarding location of spring, photograph, discharge, quality etc. can be prepared, many local inhabitants can help in filling the information on springs which will be useful for the govt. to plan on restoration and proper maintenance of springs. Roles: Data provide: CGWB, State Ground Water Department Consumer: Public of difficult and mountainous areas and State Public Health Department. Desired Outcome: An mobile app to allow entry of information on springs. Allow State Department to validate information entered. – Allow public to comment.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

Aquifer protection is essential for sustainable use of ground water resources and protection of the dependent ecosystems. The key expression for quantification of aquifer protection is vulnerability. Vulnerability of an aquifer is defined as the sensitivity of the aquifer to an imposed contaminant load, which is determined by the intrinsic characteristics of the aquifer. Currently, assessment of the ground water vulnerability is done on the basis of the available water quality data alone. But, such an assessment does not give a clear picture of an area since aquifer vulnerability depends on many other factors. Such assessments should be exercised by developing an index based approaches. This exercise can be taken up for such areas where industrial clusters/townships are being planned. Prerequisites A set of parameters, such as land use, topography, soil type, depth of vadose zone, aquifer lithology, depth to water level, aquifer parameters, ground water recharge of an area in question Roles: Data Providers: Various government departments, academic institutions, NGOs working in the proposed area. Consumers: Planning Departments of State/Central Governments Ministries of Water Resources/Environment of Central/State Governments Solution: Identify areas where ground water resources are vulnerable from pollution perspective. Take preventive measures to mitigate the ill effects, if any Desired Outcome: A webpage/mobile app to accept data area wise Generate a vulnerability map of the area in question

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

Various ministries and departments are constructing Rain water harvesting / recharge structures all over India under various hydrogeological conditions. The Recording the details, mapping and geotagging of these structure will facilitate to assess their impact on the ground water regime and would be of great help to the implementing agencies. Roles: Data Provider: CGWB, State Ground Water Departments. Consumer: Ministry/Groundwater users. Solution: Census of artificial recharge structures is pre-requisite for planners and water managers. Desired Outcome: A webpage/mobile app to allow entry of data/information on artificial recharge structures. Allow users to enter water level data Allow users to validate information Allow users to add their comments.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

Shallow aquifers of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Punjab, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Manipur and Karnataka are ingested with arsenic geogenic contamination and such water is being used for drinking and irrigation by the inhabitants leading to diseases. Though arsenic free safe deep aquifers are being tapped for water supply, however public uses shallow aquifer water through private dug wells and tube well for drinking and domestic purposes and get diseases due to arsenic contamination. CGWB is monitoring groundwater quality annually as well as in special studies for arsenic contamination. If this data can be used for creating awareness amongst local inhabitants by creating a webpage as well as mobile app, many people can be made aware to use alternative water source and avoid diseases due to arsenic contamination. Roles: Data Provider: CGWB Consumer: Public Solution: CGWB, MoWR,RD & GR can create awareness about arsenic contamination Also some good practices can be advertised through it.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

Availability of quantum of water resources and its quality varies widely through out India based on the type of Aquifer System and anthropogenic interferences. Knowing both the parameter are of paramount importance for the public before using the ground water resources through various means. The dissemination of such information will be of great help to the public as a whole including spreading the awareness. Roles: Data Provider: CGWB, State Ground Water Departments & Drinking water Departments. Consumer: Public Solution: CGWB, MoWR, RD & GR can disseminate the water availability and its quality information. Create mass awareness Desired Outcome A webpage/mobile app to display area wise data/information on Water Level & Water Quality. Allow users to validate information Allow users to add their comments.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

Ground water is most preferred source of water for irrigation, industry and drinking / domestic purposes in the country. There are more than 30 million tube-wells owned privately for withdrawal of ground water. Over withdrawal of ground water from aquifers not only cause drying of abstraction structures due to decline in water table but also cause vulnerability to contamination of geogenic and anthropogenic in nature. It is proposed to develop an app which can help stakeholders to indicate how much ground water can be withdrawn safely from aquifers in their area as well as suggesting feasible recharge measures. Prerequisites Set of facilities Roles: Data Providers : Member of Gram panchayat / Tehsil. Consumers : Water Management Ministry. Solution Identify area where withdrawal of ground water crosses or reaches the safely withdrawal ground water level. It will help to take decisions based on data to take preventive measures or constructing new dams to improve ground water level. Desired Outcome A webpage/mobile app to accept data e.g. area wise ground water level. Send notifications to management when ground water crosses the desired water level. Generate area wise reports to analyze ground water level.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

The Central Government is providing financial assistance for implementation of water resources/flood management/drainage improvement schemes in various parts of our country. However, the common public has no information about schemes implemented in his area. It is proposed to develop a application which has facility to demarcate benefitted area of any scheme on GIS Platform which in term can be used by the application to provide information to common persons regarding scheme being implemented by the government in his area. Roles: Data Providers : Local Government authority working on the schemes Consumers : Common public Solution A system to make all the data available for the sites at which schemes are in progress/planned through APIs A mobile app/mobile friendly web site which people can access to search sites in their area, sites based on type of work, date wise search etc.

Suppose a person sees encroachment, or dumping of waste, or finds that a water body is in need of RRR, at present he/ she may not have any avenue to bring it to the notice of the authorities concerned. An application is proposed to be developed and deployed on android phone, where the informant can upload the details including lat-long, and also a few pictures of the site conditions. The SMS can then be generated to the officers of concerned Department, including Police and Local body in case of encroachment. The details of such information may be made available for all to see on the application, except perhaps the name of the person who has submitted the request. Roles: Data Providers : Common public Consumers : Site maintenance authorities Solution A mobile based app to submit the site details, photos and enter the instance of pollution of site

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

The country has been facing drought like condition in many parts almost every year. The availability of storages are very low in our country. In view of above an informed utilization of water available in various storages is the need of hour. CWC is compiling information on availability of water in 91 important reservoirs in the country. This data is however useful but not helpful in creating awareness among the people to restrict wasteful utilization of water in distress condition. It is proposed to create an application on web as well as on mobile which can provide information through a common public regarding availability of water in the reservoir serving his area. Roles: Data Providers : CWC Consumers : Common Public Solution CWC will publish the data in the water reservoirs time to time Also some good practices to save water can be advertised through this

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

One of the objective of the Prime Minister KrishiSinchaiYojna is to ensure harkhetkopani. However, the information regarding areas which are receiving irrigation water is not readily available. This is one of the important bottleneck in identification of areas needing immediate help from the above scheme. It is proposed to develop a mobile based platform for entry of data by common public regarding the status of irrigation coverage of his farm land. The concerned person may be given with the facility to enter data like source of water for their field as well as quantity and quality. This platform will be very helpful in identifying areas needing immediate attention. Roles: Data Providers : Farmers Consumers : Irrigation department, Water management authorities Solution Each farmer can login through the app using their Adhar Card number Register their farm details For each farm, enter irrigation details time to time

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

The water quality of rivers is deteriorating day by day due to discharge of untreated sewage and industrial affluent. However, the data regarding location of discharging point, amount of sewage/affluent, quality of sewage/affluent, source, etc. are scantly available. It is proposed to gather these information through crowd-sourcing. It is proposed to develop a mobile based platform where a user can upload information including geo-coded images of above aspects. Roles: Data Providers: common public, NGOs etc. Data Moderators : Water management local authorities Solution Register and login for submitting water contamination site details, with geo-tagged photo Login as moderator and verify the water contamination case