Smart India Hackathon 2018

Ministry : Ministry of Power
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Problem Statment(s) : 6
Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

• The Government is planning to deliver 24*7 electricity to all the consumers from 2019. In this regards developments in Generation, Transmission and Distribution needs to be monitored for effective implementation. • At present, no monitoring of electricity at household level is done. Feeder level monitoring has just started and AT&C losses are captured at Feeder level. • Analysing the Electricity availability in real time at household/ individual level can aid in bringing transparency and accountability and help analyse reliability parameters such as SAIDI and SAIFI. Users of the System: • The data needs to be collected from anyone and everyone possible so as to remove the problems of biases and sampling error. This means that the solution must cater to both digitally empowered citizens and also to people without internet. • The users can be anyone from the citizens to the discoms who can access the data for monitoring field level realities. It can also be used by policy makers and even small scale businessmen who will want to know about the power situation in an area over time before setting up businesses. Solution Required • A lightweight app with a very simple and intuitive UI/UX with a dedicated button to report absence of power. The app must have access to the location and the device ID among other requirements to uniquely identify the consumer. • Any other mechanism for people with no internet access or without any smartphone to access this reporting system. ( missed call for example) Work till Now. Back End The following functionalities must be present 1) Data collation: Discom wise and State Wise 2) Messaging: 1 hr 4 hrs 12 and 24( issue escalation to various authorities as per seniority. For example, if no Power for more than 1 but less than 4 hrs then an automatic message can be sent to the concerned JE. This message details can be logged to pull up the people at fault) 3) Electricity Map: Country wide ( A GIS map which can be accessed by authorities and once it stabilises can be made public. This map will show historical availability of electricity in every state by using colour coding etc) 4) Feeder level: Variation if any 5) Flash Reasons: If any ( the app should be able to communicate and let users know about the reason for the power cut, if necessary) 6) Power Users ( Trusted Users, using algorithm to match and verify their response with users in the neighbourhood/ same DT/ same Feeder. The app can have customer ID and AADHAR integrated with it) 7) Auto Detection of Location and Asset Mapping on GIS The Eventual aim is to build a repository of data on the presence/ absence of electricity across the country at a granular level( household) in real time. The data must be presented in an easily understandable manner.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

• One of the main reasons for inefficiency in DISCOMs today is regular meter reading, bill generation and bill collection. This is one of the major contributor to AT&C losses facing the DISCOMs. • At present different Discoms (as of now there are 92 distribution companies in India) follow different process of bill collection. It involves there sub steps: Metering and meter reading Bill Generation Bill Collection • At present because of the inefficiency in the process there is huge revenue loss to the Discoms. • Today there is no mechanism that integrates all these and provides easy, hassle free and efficient way of bill collection. Users of the System: • Utilities/Discoms who are distributing electricity are the billers • The consumers of the electricity – domestic, industrial and commercial are the bill payers in the system. As we can see that it all encompassing and covers the entire populace and citizenry of the country. • It is also pertinent to note that domestic consumers are from varied regions and sections of the society. That include people from rural and remote areas of the nation who have difficulty in access to internet. So the solution should be able to cover them also. Desired Outcome: • An efficient and integrated meter reading, bill generation and bill payment mechanism that can provide end to end solution. • At one hand it should reduce to hassle and increase the comfort for the bill payers and on the other hand it should increase the revenue collection for the Discoms and reduce the cost of collection. Hence a win – win solution for all.

Geological and Geo-technical plays an important role in hydropower sector. The survey and investigation plays the critical role for successful completion of the hydropower projects. Even with adequate survey and investigation during construction of the hydropower projects, geological surprises are often encountered which leads to delay in the commission of the project and hence resulted into cost overrun. In India and abroad number of hydropower projects has been commissioned and running successfully, out of many project have faced geological surprises. At present there is no such source country wise where the geological and geotechnical problems encountered by the projects have been placed in a digital place. If these literature is put in a common place in a digital media then the knowledge and experiences gained can be implemented to future projects, so that the project can be commissioned in scheduled time without any cost overrun. The user of this System • The person who will maintain and update the library time to time. • The geologist who will access this library and apply the knowledge to the upcoming hydropower projects. Technology that can address these issues. • An open access online library to access this literature from anywhere and anytime. Desire outcome. • Geologist can gain knowledge of different geological challenges faced in hydropower projects • Knowledge can be applied to the future upcoming projects • It will decrease the time and cost overruns of the projects • Country will be benefited.  

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : hardware
Priority : high

1. There have been a few unfortunate incidents in the recent past where tourists/locals in the catchment area of a river were caught unware of an impending flash flood/release of water from dams of Hydro Projects upstream. This led to unfortunate and unnecessary loss of valuable human lives. 2. Presently, individual Hydra Projects are spreading awareness about impending release of water in the catchment area to locals in that specific area through SMS. 3. District administration has cordoned off access to the river catchment and Public Announcement vans are deployed in the local area before release of water from dams. 4. Announcement and early warning needs to be automated and without manual intervention to make it more effective. 5. This shall also make the hydro-sector more people friendly and caring for local lives and resources and shall increase acceptability of the future hydro projects simultaneously improve perception of Hydro sector. Possible approach to solve the problem: 1. There could be a central database connecting all hydro power stations (HPS) in the country, where information before release of water from dams of all projects would be consolidated. The HPS would need to enter data about release of water well in advance to this central database/repository. 2. Telecom solutions may be developed to send warning SMS to all mobile phone users in the area/river basin of HPS which going to release water and downstream in the river basis, based on real time information collected from telecom operators as to the number of users being served by mobile towers located in the area. 3. The warning SMS should be sent to all users identified above, overriding the DND registries. 4. All-weather Public-Announcement systems may be used/developed based on Internet of Things (IoT) and placed above electricity poles/other such infrastructure near the river basin. They may be connected through OPGW (optical fibre composite overhead ground wire) cables wherever available or may work on wireless systems to be more efficient. 5. The PA systems should be connected with the central database and start warning announcements automatically without manual intervention. 6. Any other novel approach to solve the problem is also welcome. Possible scalability and uses ink the future: 1. An IoT for all buoys measuring river measuring river discharge data may be created and linked together. On sudden increase in water discharge in any of the buoys, warning signals may be relayed to all PA systems downstream to prevent loss of life and infrastructure during flash floods /cloudbursts. Such information could also be gathered through satellite/space technology. 2. This system may also be expanded to irrigation projects and flood warning of all kinds. 3. The system must be scalable for use with advanced space technology and satellite data along with physical scalability of deploying increasing number of buoys and PA systems. 4. The IoT of buoys may also be used to collect all sorts of hydrological/ discharge data for recording and forecasting.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

The realization of the power consumed dawns up on the customer only when they see the bill for the month. Through AMI/Smart grid the customer pattern to be sent to the customer so that he is aware of his consumption pattern and would take appropriate measures to reduce unwanted energy consumption. • System to be simulated by participants Desired Outcome: Software which will generate customer usage pattern.

Sector : Infrastructure
Category : software
Priority : high

To develop an application to predict hourly load demand and availability state wise for the next seven days including current day. The application will update the demand and availability data every hour. This will help the generator to plan their generation optimally which will lead to low cost power generation. It will also help discoms to plan their activities to ensure uninterrupted power supply. This will also help maintain a healthy grid. Sample Data : Necessary inputs to be arranged from CEA, RLDC, Discoms, meteorology dept and any other source found required.