1. Bandwidth and cost are major determinants for the success of any telemedicine program. 2. Can a telemedicine system be developed which works on low bandwidth and is less costly to provide Tele-consultation services in rural and remote areas of India. Expected outcome: A web/mobile based Tele-consultation system which can work on low bandwidth mobile internet connection for interacting with doctors to provide online care for rural patients.
Smart India Hackathon 2018
1. These days the country is witnessing various forms of disasters on day to day basis. 2. To mitigate the impact of these disasters- health system also responds by providing curative and preventive care. 3. Since the overall outcome of response to these disasters by health system is not known, it becomes difficult to chalk out strategy to build capacities to further improvement in responses. 4. If all disasters and their impact on health and response of health system is available for analysis-it would help facilitate better management of disasters. Expected Outcome: IT system which helps in documentation of disasters (natural/man-made) occurring within Indian geographies each of these should be plotted on the maps along with the scale of disaster, geographic areas covered and impact. The system should also help in documentation of actions taken by health system to manage these disasters with details covering nature of response, time period of response for each major activity the outcome of these responses total casualties and nature of injuries etc. For each of the disasters the system should be able to identify areas of improvement.
1. Several service providers in the field work in relatively isolated settings and don’t have ways to upgrade their skills. 2. Such providers include providers such as medical officers or nurses, or paramedical staff such as laboratory technicians, pharmacists etc. 3. Can digital technology help to create a support group, a space also for learning and sharing, and include interactive training material, with the ability for people to ask questions (like a discussion forum). Expected Outcome: An app-based/web-based IT platform which can enrol all service providers and provide them updated knowledge on various areas- such as clinical knowledge (information about drugs, diseases, new infections, treatment options etc) and administrative knowledge (program guidelines, specific administrative procedures, information about new training materials, forms formats etc). The system should also allow users to share individual clinical case studies, discuss on specific conditions and share ideas.
1. In large sized hospitals (eg: AIIMS, PGI etc.) when a patient arrives alone or usually along with their care takers in the OPDs , Emergency departments, Pediatrics Centre etc. 2. The patients are generally in emergency condition and often feel lost. The first approach is therefore to the reception bay, from there the patients are directed to go to billing counter, available consultant Doctor is then decided. 3. The whole process, most of the time turns very stressful as it demands critical time of the patient. Sometimes duty guards are not available and available guards are not able to leave their duty areas to guide the patients to their destination in the hospitals. Desired Outcome: A GPRS guided Mobile Tablet fitted permanently on ‘SMART’ Wheel Chairs and in Stretcher bed is a very practical solution to resolve this issue. A pre-loaded software application i.e. the internal maps (similar to google maps) of the hospital need to be developed and installed on such tablets. The Hospital needs to be WiFi enabled and sensors can be attached to the rooms or along the corridors. Now from the start point where the Chairs and stretchers are issued, the starting point and destination point can be filled by trained duty guards. When the care taker of the patient moves with the SMART Wheel Chair or Stretcher, a real-time guided map and a voice (in local / regional or English language) tells the direction till the final destination is arrived. The ‘SMART’ Wheel Chairs and Stretcher beds can be collected by hospital staff later. This system has a potential to save lot of time and dependencies for the patient.
1. There are large number of visits being conducted by MoHFW staff to districts for review of the programs and field activities. 2. It would be great if an IT platform helps in analysis of these visits in specific geographies and the areas of action identified for follow-up. 3. This will help in optimum utilization of field visits and also reaching to the districts which are left out from the visits. Desired Outcome: An IT system where every visit by MoHFW staff is documented program-wise and district/state-wise and action items identified for follow-up are also noted. The system should help administrators to identify the districts which were covered/left out and should through follow-up issues that need to be covered in subsequent visit to these districts.
1. Mortuary Vans are largely not available across states and it becomes extremely disappointing if the vans are not available to take dead bodies from hospitals to their respective homes. 2. Though there are vans which are available in private space however there is no single point of contact through which services of these vans could be requested when in need. 3. It is expected that technology can bring all that data in once place and help users and health system to request these services whenever a death is reported in the hospital. The service could be accessed by various means such as miss call, mobile app, sms or call to a central number.
1. Mental Health issues carry stigma with them. Most families where a person is suffering from mental illness do not open up about suffering till it is very late. 2. Poor health seeking behaviour along with lack of knowledge about availability of services prevents them from seeking timely care. 3. If the technology platform can provide details when to seek metal health support and where mental health services are available it would be easy for family to visit providers to seek care. Desired Outcome: IT system providing basic tools to assess the need for visiting mental health service provider and listing of the availability of mental health services in the nearby locality to seek care is required.
1. Presently ministry of health and family welfare has started using online appointment system for helping patient get appointments in large tertiary care hospitals like AIIMS. 2. The appointment could be taken for any date and for any provider of choice. However currently there is no mechanism to inform patient if the same provider is not available in the hospital on the scheduled date. 3. The process of rescheduling appointment with any other provider is also not available and for follow-ups the appointment scheduling system does not generate any reminders to the patients and if patient discovers late about the follow-up visit he has to do the entire process of appointment scheduling again to get the appointments done. 4. Digital technology can help to address this issue by identifying mechanism to link the current appointment system with the duty roster of the doctors and also create mechanism for re-appointment of the patients with other providers in case provider of choice is not available. The solution should also include sending follow-up reminders to the patients and helping them to schedule follow-up visits with the doctors without registering for the appointment once again. Desired Outcome: i) This helps in building more trust among patients about the hospital and would also encourage patients to get timely follow-up visits done to improve their health status. ii) Any technology such as web, App or some SMS based system could be used to fulfill this need.
1. At present, most of the doctors during their practice write brand drugs, which are available in only in specific medical stores and these medicines can’t be purchased from any other place because they are not sold uniformly across all places. 2. When a patient suffering from chronic condition travels from one place to another and forgets to carry his/her medicine, it becomes difficult to get same medicine in other place. 3. The lack of information about similar combination brand drug availability locally affects the adherence to the treatment for these patients. 4. Technology can help to address this issue partially by helping to identify a similar brand medicine combinations sold in various geographies- meaning one brand medicine sold in a district/state and its equivalent brand medicine in other district/states. In case the similar combination brand drug is not available in desired district- it should also help to identify the nearby places from where this medicine can be purchased by the patient. 5. In addition to help identify supplied medicine is not a counterfeit. Desired Outcome: i) A transparent system of identifying brand drugs and details of their sales in geographies (state/districts). Along with the mapping of similar combination brand drugs with each other which can be used to query presence of a brand medicine in a jurisdiction in case other one is not available. ii) This could be made available in both web and App format. This can potentially help patients adhere with the treatment in case they fail to carry their medicines.