The Problem: Monitoring and assessing the population of nocturnal birds (for example: owls) is a big challenge for the researchers due to their nocturnal nature and the presence of wild animals (for example: elephants and bear) in the tropical forests like the Western Ghats. The available recorders in the market records all the sound that is being produced around the recorder and it is usually dominated by insects and that might affect the data quality. Hence, we need an automatic instrument that could record only tailor-made frequency and amplitude of sounds by excluding other noises. Furthermore, their vocalization frequency is strongly influenced by the local weather conditions such as atmospheric temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind speed, noise level and moon status. Thus, the instrument should record and store sounds and weather parameters. Associated Terminology that needs capture or tracking or smart linking Automatic sound recording systems, spectrogram, nocturnal birds, voice and calls of birds Sub problems, which need to be resolved, or form key part of the challenge. The recorder should identify and capture only the frequency and amplitude range that matches with the target species’ range and should store data with all relevant weather information for each sequences. The instrument can’t be kept operational throughout the night as it consumes lot of energy and storage. The instrument may activate recording upon hearing the specified range of sounds. Users who are facing the challenge/sub-problem could use data. Forest managers, biodiversity scientists, researchers involved in study and conservation of nocturnal birds Any record keeping databases/ legacy systems or integrations that need to be considered Not Applicable. Required channel – mobile app, responsive web, web application, desired. Hardware solution. Desired outcome if the challenge is addressed The instrument if developed will help the researchers to monitor the population of nocturnal birds and bats (can be modified) in the elephant areas. This will also help the researchers to take up large-scale surveys on nocturnal birds with limited funding and man-power. Details pertaining to the scale of the problem The number of users may be low but it is an important contribution to the concerned group of researchers. Shelf solutions or legacy solutions partially / fully addresses the challenges. None
Smart India Hackathon 2018
The Problem: Poaching is a major problem for wildlife managers across the world. The increasing demand for wildlife meat, fur, skin and organs increases the poaching across the globe. India supports a great majority of biodiversity. Protection and conservation of this biological wealth is a challenging task for many wildlife managers. Shortage of human resources esp. the field staff and scarce availability of logistics and resources make wildlife preservation a daunting task. Hence we seek to develop a user friendly application for wildlife managers and field level staffs to record and communicate the field level information during patrolling and surveillance movemnts in the forest. The wildlife sightings, deaths, wild life crime and ecological observations, human presence can be recorded with GPS coordinates while patrolling. The patrol routes of forest guards can be recorded using the mobile application. Producing a map after each patrol will help to understand the overall picture of the day’s work. A timely consolidation of these maps will help to get an overall idea of the animal movements and human activities in the protected area and hence the managers can develop strategic plans for reducing the poaching. Associated Terminology that needs capture or tracking or smart linking Wildlife movement, Poaching, Conservation, protected area Sub problems, which need to be resolved, or form key part of the challenge. Developing a mobile application for collecting the data from the field and online reporting during the patrolling has to be made. The maps and trekking routes can be linked with google maps for better understanding about the landscape. Users who are facing the challenge/sub-problem could use data Forest department, wildlife managers, wildlife researchers Any record keeping databases/ legacy systems or integrations that need to be considered NA Required channel – mobile app, responsive web, web application, desired Mobile App, Web application Desired outcome if the challenge is addressed Monitoring the animal movements and intensity of human activities can be recorded and managed on a real time basis. This will make the information of the intensity of chances all activities including poaching in a forest. Hence the wildlife managers can take precaution for reducing the managing the activities and controlling poaching in those prioritized area. Details pertaining to the scale of the problem The software will be useful for all the protected areas across the country . Shelf solutions or legacy solutions partially / fully addresses the challenges. None
Problem: Drought or scarcity of water for the wild animals during summer is one of the major management issues in the forests of the Country. In spite of two seasons of monsoons in the Country, most of the streams and rivers in the forest areas will become dry by January – February posing severe threat to the animals as well as vegetation made vulnerable to forest fire. It would be appreciated if a digital tool is developed to predict the water scarcity in an area, sometimes as small as size of a range of 1000 ha, with the help of available physiographical data and local weather information. Local weather information such as rainfall, number of rainy days, average rainfall per day, average minimum and maximum temperature, humidity, wind speed, solar radiation, and physiographical data such as aspect, type of vegetation, percentage canopy, soil type, etc. can be included Associated Terminology that needs capture or tracking or smart linking: Drought, humidity, canopy cover, solar radiation, water scarcity, soil type, aspect Sub problems which needs to be resolved or form key part of the challenges Development of simple model to predict the drought or water scarcity in a locality based on sample data on various parameters mentioned above Managing parameters such as Water holding capacity of the soil Evapotranspiration under different situations (varying canopy cover, temperature, and duration of solar radiation, etc) Users who are facing the challenge/sub-problem could use data State Forests and Wildlife Departments Any record keeping data base/ legacy systems or integrations that need to be considered Local weather data available with the forest management Google image of the landcover/any other landcover map for the area Any other information available on natural resources of the area Required channel – mobile app, responsive web, web application, desired. A combination of responsive web and mobile applications Desired outcome if the challenge is addressed Efficient mobile based application for tackling the drought situation on account of animal welfare. Details pertaining to the scale of the problem Almost entire forest ranges of the country provided there is secondary data available at the desired scale. Shelf solutions or legacy solutions partially / fully addresses the challenges. Customized digital solutions for predicting drought at local scale is not available.
The Problem: Dramatic increases in human-large mammal conflict in recent years results from an exponential increase in human populations. Ever expanding human pressure in India has caused a decline in many large mammalian species through the loss of habitat for agriculture, livestock grazing, tourism and other developmental activities, poaching for trade and traditional medicine, declining prey populations and conflicts with humans primarily provoked by predation on livestock and crop raiding. Persecution by humans based on real or perceived threats to livestock, death/injuries of human being and crop raiding, appears to be the most important factor in the observed declines in many of the large mammals, and human-large mammal conflict is likely to increase. As a result of livelihood loss, poisoning of cattle killed by large carnivores and retaliatory killing of large herbivores for crop raiding is found to be one of the major threats to large mammal populations. Particularly Protected Areas (PAs) in India are the last refuge for many large mammals however they are sensitive to the effect of habitat degradation outside PAs, being particularly susceptible to species extinction. India’s few existing reserves may not be sufficient enough to maintain viable populations of wide-ranging mammals, although large mammal conservation is mainly dependant on management of surrounding core habitats of PAs, wherein successful conservation resolves human-large mammal conflicts and poaching pressures. The successful human-wildlife management practical action needs park managers and local communities must take coordinated communication to reduce the frequency of conflicts and poaching. For this we seek a digital solution through video based sensor technology for regular monitoring of conflict prone areas. Associated Terminology that needs capture or tracking or smart linking Crop raiding Human Wildlife Conflict Livelihood Loss Threats to Wildlife Poaching Protected Areas, Video Based Sensor Technology Wildlife Management Sub problems, which need to be resolved, or form key part of the challenge. Identify and monitor areas prone to conflict and poaching around core habitat of Protected Areas. Improve the efficiency of or even optimize anti-poaching patrols in Protected Areas based on assessments of mortality/conflict patterns. Alerting movement/arrival and exit of conflict prone wild animals to concerned stakeholders Users who are facing the challenge/sub-problem could use data Forest Department, Protected Area Managers, Wildlife Crime Control Bureau and local communities living inside and just outside on the fringe areas of Protected Area. Any record keeping databases/ legacy systems or integrations that need to be considered Databases to be maintained related to locations of occurrence of poaching, crop raiding, human mortality/injury, conflict prone animals arrival and exit in conflict prone areas Required channel – mobile app, responsive web, web application, desired. A combination of video based sensor, mobile applications based alerting system and web pages can be attempted. Desired outcome if the challenge is addressed Such development of sensor technologies which can alert the Park Managers about conflict prone animals arrival and exit in conflict prone areas to avoid substantial livelihood loss/damages and poaching pressure on wild animals to curbing illegal activities and reducing human-wildlife conflicts which are critical to guiding park management. Details pertaining to the scale of the problem This kind of technological solutions are needed for all Protected Areas throughout India Shelf solutions or legacy solutions partially / fully addresses the challenges. The proposed video based sensor technological solution has not been available in the field which are crucial for Protected Areas Management
The Problem: Tourism is a fast-growing industry in our country. Every year more and more people travel and the number of tourists visiting every tourist area is increasing. In the present world marked by a high degree of stress related to urbanization, people are getting attracted more to natural areas such as National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Tiger Reserves and so on. There should be a well-informed preparedness for handling the increasing tourist flow in these Protected Areas (PAs) and natural tourist spots. All type of tourisms such as religious tourism, ecotourism, beach tourism and health tourism will affect immediate environment and biodiversity associated with it in varying degrees. Information on the tourism expansion and its effect should be quantified in real time and the management strategies should be adaptively modified for avoiding negative effect of the tourist movements to the local biodiversity and wildlife. We seek the development of a model digital solution including plan, digital products for information management, analysis and decision support system in a selected tourist area or Protected Area. Associated Terminology that needs capture or tracking or smart linking Biodiversity, Wildlife, Carrying capacity, Ecotourism, Protected Areas Sub problems, which need to be resolved, or form key part of the challenge. Assessment of tourist flow, growth and trends . Documentation of wildlife and biodiversity of the area. Analysis of carrying capacity of tourism in the project area. Development of software solution to manage the information flow and return feedback with managerial intervention. Users who are facing the challenge/sub-problem could use data Tourism department and managers of tourism industry. Forest department and managers of protected areas. Travel and Transport managers, managers of resorts and hospitality industry Local communities and other stakeholders including the local administration. Any record keeping databases/ legacy systems or integrations that needs to be considered, Tourist information registry of the location /protected area. Biodiversity and wildlife database of the area in target. Any other natural resource registry in the government offices, water flow of the river and rainfall details of the area. Required channel – mobile app, responsive web, web application, desired. A combination of responsive web and mobile applications for different modules can be attempted. Desired outcome if the challenge is addressed Efficient tourist information management system can be developed. Availability of all necessary information for managers so that informed decisions can be made during critical problems. Better facilities and customer satisfaction for tourists. Details pertaining to the scale of the problem About 500 protected areas in the country and thousands of tourists’ destinations of varying importance can use this. Shelf solutions or legacy solutions partially / fully addresses the challenges. Customized digital solutions for analysing the effect on biodiversity and environment are not available. Reasons for non availability are the lack of awareness and attitude.
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