The open defecation problem has become a persistent issue in India. Statistically 55% of the contribution for this problem comes from rural areas. In accordance with the ‘Swachh Gramin Yojana’ the government has been successful in constructing community toilets in rural areas. However, monitoring the usage of these toilets and its maintenance has become a major issue. Monitoring aspect is usually done manually making it time consuming to find out if the toilets are being used regularly. Besides it would also take a minimum of 6 months to correct any kind of defects present, during which the people in rural areas might adapt their age old practice. Hence a solution has been proposed to autonomously monitor and update the government regarding the usage of toilets as well as the problems associated with it.
The solution proposed involves a device that includes a person counter constructed using ultrasonic sensors to count the number of footfalls and a water usage monitor to quantitatively analyze the water being used in these community toilets. The number of persons using the toilet and the water usage is collected from community toilet and is used to analyze problems such as leakages, break-downs in toilets, unavailability of water and motivational issues. The data is relayed on a daily basis using GSM module as 2G networks are available in most rural areas. The data for the every 10 days is fit in the form of a graph using statistical curve fitting methods to provide visual analysis. Based on the data collected, machine learning based decision trees are used to classify problems into various classes like leakage issues, motivational problems, break-downs, thus updating the government of problems existing in these areas, so that they can come up with the required solution. The villages are listed on the website based on a score provided with respect to the problems so that villages facing more issues are attended first. Overall the proposed model would be cost friendly as well as effective in saving time and ensuring open defecation free villages.