We will use the active electrolytes i.e ozone gas and Ionic solution of NaCl in separate electrolytic solar cell. In order to produce electricity oxygen ions need to produce. You know that sunlight (visible light) dissociates the ozone gas in to oxygen molecules and nascent oxygen ions. Sunlight helps in producing oxygen ions when ozone gas is exposed to sunlight. Adsorption of oxygen ions and sodium ions on the respective electrodes, due to DC voltage between the electrodes results in galvanic effect.
The principal of ozone and NaCl based electrolytic solar cell is similar to galvanic cell. In contrast to galvanic cell which oxidizes and reduces two different metal cations at the respective electrodes resulting in external current, in the present electrolytic solar cell anion (oxygen ion) and cation (sodium ion) are used and do the same process i.e. oxidation of oxygen ions to oxygen molecule and reduction of sodium ions to sodium metal. The oxidation of oxygen ion at anode and reduction of sodium ion at cathode results in flow of electrons in the external circuit from anode to cathode.
The theoretical power estimated for a small electrolytic solar cell of 10 Sq.Ft. using 1 M (0.057997 Kg) of ozone gas would be P = 3.47*10^8 W/hr. If we consider 20% efficiency of the electrolytic solar cell then the power output would be 6.94*10^7 W/hr.
Power consumed for ozone gas generation in total is approximately 100kW/hr per Kg. The total power consumed includes the total power consumed by ozone generation unit, chiller plant, oxygen generator plant.
Power consumed for 0.057997 Kg (1 Mole) of ozone gas generation is 0.057997*100kW/hr =5.7997 kW/hr (Approx. 6 kW/hr) .
Commercial charges for 1 unit (1kW) in India is Rs.10
Input price (Initial investment) for 6 kW/hr power consumed for generation of 1 M of ozone gas @ Rs. 10 per 1kW is Rs. 60.
Additional charges for maintain DC voltage is Rs. 1,000
Total input price (Initial investment) is Rs. 60 + 1,000= Rs. 1060= Rs. 1.060*10^3
For the above proposed solar cell using 1 M (0.057997 Kg) of ozone gas with 20% efficiency the power output estimated is 6.94*10^7 W/hr (6.94*10^4 kW/hr).
Domestic charges for 1 unit (1kW/hr) in India is Rs.5
For 6.94*10^4 kW/hr power produced the net income would be 6.94*10^4*Rs. 5=Rs. 3.47*10^5
Probable Net income to Input price (Initial investment) ratio is 327:1.