With growing development of Indian economy, energy consumption is increasing day by day. Energy consumption in household shares 40% of total energy consumption all over India. Moreover about 30% of total population resides in the villages which consider a good sum of 0.36 billion of total population. In the domestic household sector cooking is the largest end user accounting for almost 90 percent of the total domestic energy use. The rural masses mostly depend on biomass or kerosene for their energy needs. Gradual price hike in crude oil in international market has greatly affected the rural India. In order to cushion fuel price hike, the rural masses are shifting more to biomass. Deforestation for fuel wood has graven the problem of climate change and global warming. The seriousness of the problem can be sensed by seeing depleting forest reserves. This trend needs to be checked from environment point of view. Development of renewable energy sources helps to reduce the degree of dependence on energy imports as well as it can be a tool for curbing carbon emission. So, emphasis is given to the renewable energy program. The energy requirement in rural household is mainly for cooking and sometimes heating in colder regions. So there is enormous demand for fuel wood. The one option could be the densification or briquetting to counter this problem. It has a great scope in rural India as India produces large amounts of bio waste material every year. This includes rice straw, leaf wastes, wheat straw, coconut shells and fibres, rice husks, stalks of legumes and sawdust. Some of this biomass is just burnt in air; some like rice husk are mostly dumped into huge mountains of waste. Open-field burning has been used traditionally to dispose of crop residues and sanitize agricultural fields against pests and diseases. Instead of burning down these wastes or letting to decompose in open air which raises the problem, it can be converted to bio fuels to produce power either by direct combustion or transforming these loose biomass to solid fuels. Biomass briquetting is the densification of loose biomass material to produce compact solid composites of different sizes with the application of pressure. On pressing and drying, briquettes are ready for direct burning or gasification. Some of the advantages of briquettes are given below • This is one of the alternative methods to save the consumption and dependency on fuel wood. • Densities fuels are easy to handle, transport and store. • They are uniform in size and quality. • The process helps to solve the residual disposal problem. • The process assists the reduction of fuel wood and deforestation. • Indoor air pollution is minimized. • Briquettes are cheaper than COAL, OIL or LIGNITE • There is no sulphur in briquettes. • There is no fly ash when burning briquettes. • Briquettes have a consistent quality, have high burning efficiency, and are ideally sized for complete combustion. • Combustion is more uniform compared to coal. • Unlike coal, lignite or oil, briquettes are produced from renewable source of energy, biomass. • Loading/unloading and transportation costs are much less and storage requirement is drastically reduced. • Briquettes are clean to handle & can be packed in bags for ease of handling & storage. • Briquettes are usually produced near the consumption centres and supplies do not depend on erratic transport from long distances. • The technology is pollution free and Eco-friendly. • The briquette is easy to ignite.