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Each year about 2.2 million people develop TB in India and an estimated 220,000 die from the disease. TB can affect any age, caste or class but cases are mainly poor people. Slum dwellers, tribal populations, prisoners and people already sick with compromised immune systems are over-represented among the cases, compared to their numbers in the population. Between 2006 and 2014, TB cost the Indian economy a massive USD 340 billion.

TB treatment & care in India is provided by the government’s Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) as well as through private sector health providers. The notification of TB cases is estimated to be only 58%. This could be even higher.

A tracking device is required to help public health officials better understand the network this airborne disease creates as it passes through the community. This would allow the public health workers to carry out targeted vaccination, detection and treatment. The ultimate goal is to lower the number of missing cases.

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